Using data to inform: from data to knowledge About data in schools
Mike Schmoker (1996), the author of the renowned Results book
states,“Data can help us confront what we may wish to avoid and
what is difficult to perceive, trace, or gauge; data can
substantiate theories, inform decision, impel action, marshal
support, thwart misperceptions and unwarranted optimism, maintain
focus and goal orientation, and capture and sustain collective
energy and momentum.” Knox Educational Associates believe that
data must drive reform actions.
Data are crude information. The goal of data analysis is to move
crude information to knowledge.
Guiding the Transition from Data to Knowledge:
Data to Information: Data becomes information when it
becomes relevant to a decision and is contextualized.
Information to Facts: Information becomes a fact when
data validates it. Facts are revealed by the data.
Facts become Knowledge: When we are confident that facts
answer a question and we trust the reliability or validity of
The Knox agency associates will:
Guide the analysis of site data with an emphasis on problem
Identify trends and outliers
Focus a responsive action plan aligned to the data